Technology Ecosystems Explained
Surprising Ways Ecosystems Transform Your Business
When it comes to digital transformations, it’s easy to get caught up in market noise around popular buzzwords, how companies define various elements of technology and how they work. As companies embrace the need to provide better customer experiences, it’s critical that they’re able to drill down to clear truths in order to make the best decisions for their businesses. Much like the term open, “ecosystem” is a word that is used frequently throughout the tech space, yet has developed many interpretations over time. Understanding ecosystems are vital, especially for those companies looking to put the customer at the forefront of their business operations.
What is an Ecosystem?
The term “ecosystem” was first used by British ecologist Arthur Tansley back in 1935 to describe the relationship between organisms and their environment. In other words, you can’t talk about animals and plants without talking about where they live and function.
Fifty-eight years later, business strategist James F. Moore co-opted the word in a Harvard Business Review article to describe the interconnected business world. Moore suggested that companies weren’t members of a single industry, but rather part of a business ecosystem. As a part of the business ecosystem, these businesses would co-evolve cooperatively instead of inside of a vacuum, attracting similar, yet different resources to satisfy customers.
The evolution of the word continues today. Ecosystems now include communities that use shared, scalable resources to pursue challenging objectives and common interests. Ecosystems are about dynamic interactions between people, software, data, systems and services. But what makes them unique in the world of technology is the streamlined flow to connect, share, grow and transform together. In today’s digitally connected world, ecosystems are a key ingredient to grow existing markets and competing effectively.
What do Ecosystems Look Like?
In the consumer packaged goods space (CPG), one of the largest manufacturers in the world expanded its recipe app to become a pantry-management tool, effectively creating an ecosystem. Within the ecosystem, a user picks their recipes, which prompts an automatically generated-shopping list and seamlessly connects with Peapod, a grocery delivery service. Delta Air Line’s mobile app is another example, which connects to ride-share services so travelers can order a car when they land. You might also be familiar with the interconnectivity of the health apps on your phone. Specifically, you likely use an array of apps to track different facets of your health and wellness, all of which result is a seamless experience for you centered around the device you turn to for truth.
Simply put, an ecosystem puts your customer’s end-to-end journey at the center of the experience. You can see then how this quickly creates the need for service providers to work together with one another, and more importantly, how this fact shapes a customer’s overall relationship with the company.
The future of ecosystems will require the platforms they operate in to be open, dynamic and therefore integrated. In that way, they can be functional in real time. This has been our focus at Nielsen.
That’s why we created the industry’s largest open ecosystem of tech-driven solution providers for retailers and manufacturers in the CPG space. Oftentimes with partner ecosystems, you’re limited to the vendors the company chooses for you, making it hard to reach a broad range of services. Our ecosystem gives you access to a broad array of partners, with the added flexibility of allowing you to bring your preferred vendors to the network. This has driven business value for more than 150 Nielsen clients by allowing third parties to directly access Nielsen data on our client's behalf. In creating an ecosystem centered around the same data—or the same language—clients receive more relevant and accurate results that better align with the way they measure business success.
The future of this ecosystem will continue to empower you. As it grows, you will continue finding complementary companies that help to keep pace with consumer needs and understand the quickly changing landscape in which these consumers shop. Just like James Moore mentioned 58 years ago, our ecosystem is helping you co-evolve cooperatively, attracting diverse partners who provide innovative solutions to solve our client’s most difficult challenges. Whether you’re a user of the ecosystem or a contributor to it, plugging in allows you to:
- Improve your customer's journey and experience with you
- Find new customers to sell to
- Find new partners to work with
- Tap into new sources of data, software or resources
- Improve business processes
And remember, your customers decide who they want to engage with based on whose ecosystem they want to be a part of. Whether it's tracking their sleep, connecting their customer relationship management platform or collaborating on documents, they commit to ecosystems that can integrate seamlessly with their personal and work environments. For that reason, companies should set out to design their hardware, software, and services based on what ecosystem will drive that customer value.